The ingredients involved in Rubber Processing are Chemicals like Sulphur, Zinc Oxide, TMT, Titanium, MBTS. Also, they use minerals like Calcium Carbonate and Carbon. Additionally, they utilize processing oil called RPO (Rubber Processing Oil), and they combine all the ingredients using Rubber processing machinery. There are various rubber processing machinery which are Ban-bury mixture, Kneader machine, mixing mills, calendaring machine, extruder machine, hydraulic press, roto-cure & cooling conditioner.
Two kinds of Rubber are available namely Natural and Synthetic. Natural rubber is derived from Rubber Tree. Synthetic rubber is one of the petroleum products extracted from crude oil, and it has chemical additives. A rubber manufacturer should undertake the preparation of rubber with more caution than when they are manufacturing plastic or steel. During preparation of the materials in the matter of plastic and steel, it consists of the combination of three to four types of elements. On the other hand, the processing of rubber is much more complicated, it involves the combination of ten to twenty different materials. No different formula to obtain the standard forms. It needs to be customized according to the standards set. The production cycle subjects this substance to a variety of chemical reactions especially when it is vulcanized.
The process should be reversed especially when the determining the number of materials used in this chemical reactions. As there aren’t standard formulas, it is possible for mistakes to occur. To avoid such challenges during manufacturing cycle, the rubber manufacturer should emphasize on not to alter specific features of rubber which will otherwise result in negative results.
One of the primary traits of rubber is its capability to stretch to a huge extent. This explains why it is subjected to such applications where it must be very resilient to withstand all types of stress. It needs to be formulated by the rubber producer such that those chemicals do hamper the rubber’s resilience property. Whenever it is utilized for the manufacture of pipes, the rubber manufacturers must make it robust enough to withstand any type of harsh chemical.
The basic use of rubber is passing oils and gasoline which is quite a common. Moreover, harsh fluids like alkalis, acids or cleansing solvents can also go through rubber for various industrial purposes. If the perfect formulation is not observed by the rubber manufacturer then it can cause the pipe to crumble or dissolve. Besides these factors, rubber producers can make it to resist extreme temperatures so that the rubber can withstand extremely hot or far below the freezing point temperatures.